American Harrison Dillard, oldest 100-meter Olympic champion, honored in London

In 1948 two Olympic Torches were made by E.M.I Ltd, designed by Ralph Lavers and donated to the Organising Committee of the XIV Olympic Games.

LONDON 2012 – the oldest 100-meter Olympic champion is back in London for the games. 89-year-old American, Harrison Dillard, was honored Wednesday at Britain’s Foreign Office where the 1948 EMI Torch from those London games is on display. 

By: PAISLEY DODDS , first published by StarTribune, Associated Press, 1 August 2012

LONDON – The oldest 100-meter Olympic champion is back in London for the games — only this time as a celebrated athlete, not a scrawny kid from Cleveland who botched the hurdles only to win the gold in 1948.

Harrison Dillard, 89, was honored Wednesday at Britain’s Foreign Office where the 1948 torch from those London games in on display.

“It’s heavy!” the man, also known as `Bones’ because of his lanky youthful appearance, said as he held the silver torch.

As a world record holder, all eyes were on Dillard in 1948 to win the 110-meter hurdles. But when the day came, the American knocked down several hurdles and failed to finish the race.

He tried again in the 100-meter dash, winning in 10.3 seconds — a surprise to his teammate and favorite Barney Ewell, who did a premature victory dance thinking he had actually won.

Four years after London, Dillard went on to win the 100-meter hurdles in Helsinki.

“That’s one of the beauties of the Olympic Games, that they occur every four years,” Dillard told The Associated Press. “The athlete who fails in the first, assuming that he can maintain the necessary physical ability plus the emotional and mental ability, has a chance to redeem him or herself. I certainly had that good fortune.”

The 1948 games were the first time that Olympic judges had the benefit of using photo finish technology, which helps the naked eye in determining who crossed the finish line first.

Dillard, who now lives in the Cleveland suburb of Richmond Heights, said today’s athletes such as Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt have benefited from advances in technology, equipment, medical knowledge and nutrition.

“He’s much bigger, stronger and much faster, of course, on the clock, but that’s not true only of Usain but all the athletes who are competing today,” Dillard said.

What’s the trick?

“Evolution,” Dillard laughed.

A lot has changed in Dillard’s life since he competed in the 1948 London games, held as Britain and the world struggled to recover from World War II.

“In my day, it was purely amateur. You represented your country, period,” he said. “They are now able to make it a profession.”

But London itself has also changed, said Dillard, who went on to work for the Cleveland Indians.

“It’s such a big city, almost monstrous,” he said of London. “Not like Cleveland, unfortunately, being an industrial city that has lost half its population and many of its industries.”

Dillard was inspired by another track and field athlete from Cleveland — Jesse Owens — who won four gold medals in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.

When asked what event he was most looking forward to this week, Dillard said it wasn’t the 100-meter dash.

“It’s my family getting here,” he said. “It’s the first time my daughter and three grandkids have ever been to London. It’s going to be a special time.”

To learn more about 1948 Olympic torch go to:

London 2012: The 1948 torch relay on a shoestring

By  Claire Heald for  BBC News, published 18 May 2011 

In 1948 two Olympic Torches were made by E.M.I Ltd, designed by Ralph Lavers and donated to the Organising Committee of the XIV Olympic Games. 

 John Mark runs in the Empire Stadium, Wembley, with the torch

Not the Duke of Edinburgh or athletics hero Sydney Wooderson, John Mark was the surprise last torchbearer in the ’48 Relay

Plans are under way for a 2012 Torch Relay spanning the UK. But what happened last time London staged one?

It was no 70-day extravaganza and it involved nothing like the 8,000 torchbearers that will carry the Olympic flame around the UK in 2012.

But the London 1948 Olympic Torch Relay was greeted with wild rejoicing and a mobbing of the torchbearer, even when he, (and they were all ‘he’) ran on by in the dead of night.

Ahead of London’s “Austerity Games”, organisers wanted to stage a relay to “capture the imagination of the public and the spirit of the Olympic torch”.

London 1948 Olympic Torch
1948 Olympic Torch (International Olympic Committee)
Torch was designed by EMI Ltd.

  • Made of aluminium
  • Designed by Ralph Lavers
  • 47cm long
  • 960g weight
  • 1,688 made for use across Europe and England
  • 1,416 runners
  • Covered 3,160km (1964 miles)
  • Last runner, John Mark, had a special stainless steel torch

The organising committee, led by Lord Burghley, decided to continue the pre-war tradition started by the Nazi regime at the 1936 Berlin Games to set up only the second torch relay of the modern Olympic Games.

It had to be delivered on a post-war budget. Britain was struggling in 1948, rationing would be in place for another six years.

“Things were pretty grim,”” says Terry Charman, senior historian at the Imperial War Museum. “Although the war had finished in 1945, Britain was still a very impoverished country in 1948.

“A lot of wartime conditions were still in place. Not just food rationing but clothes rationing, everything was in short supply.

“There were few cars, the petrol allowance was so small. It was a very grey time and a very bleak winter in 1947 set things back.

“People would have resented the Olympics if too much had been spent, with Britain in the fairly parlous state it was in.”

Britain could barely afford to stage the Games, let alone a torch relay, so its size, scope and the torch itself had to be affordable.

‘British craftsmanship’

Hold a 1948 Olympic torch and its simplicity is revealed – fairly hefty, a plain stem topped with a wide cup that held the burner. Forties-style capital letters spell out “With thanks to the bearer” and the Olympic rings are punched out on the bowl.

Its designer Ralph Lavers was tasked to create something “inexpensive and easy to make,” but still “of pleasing appearance and a good example of British craftmanship”.

The torches were made of aluminium, which was relatively cheap, and ran on solid fuel tablets, except the one for the final leg at the opening ceremony inside Wembley’s Empire Stadium.

It was stainless steel and housed a magnesium-fuelled flame designed to be easily visible by the watching crowds and cameras.

‘Thrilling’ role

On the A25, club runner Frank Verge, then 22, was waiting in the darkness to carry the torch on a two mile stretch between the Kent villages of Platt and Ightham.

His torch-bearing place was hard fought – he had taken on his older brother John in their club’s eight mile run and ignored his shouts of “ease up, you’ll burn out” as he broke away to win.

“They do say everybody has 15 minutes of fame in their life and I think that was mine,” he says of the 4.03am to 4.17am slot.

Frank Verge carrying the torch in 1948
Frank remembers hundreds of people lining the route…

“It was very exciting, the road was lined with what seemed like hundreds of people.”

“We had just gone through six years of war and I think the Olympic Games stood for more because it was a different kind of life – everyone was happy.

“I’ll never forget it, it was a great thrill.”

He handed over to the last runner in the stadium, relatively unknown quarter-miler John Mark, whose athletic good looks were controversially chosen over the favourite-but-bespectacled miler Sydney Wooderson or the widely-expected Duke of Edinburgh.

Frank Verge
…and says the memory is one he will keep for a lifetime
To read the whole article go to  BBC News